ITALIAN  CAMERAS  
1946-1964
  texts in English

Hello everyone!

The protagonists of this project are the cameras produced in Italy between 1946 and 1964.

    In the immediate post-war period, a good number of Italian industries ventured into the manufacture of photographic equipment.
    Some were important and well-known, already active in the sector even before the war, others were small, artisan, absolutely unknown, born in a hurry to reach the goal, perhaps under the guidance of technicians who had learned the trade working in the war industries and then, out of ambition or necessity, they had decided to open their own factory.

    The reasons that led to such feverish activities were varied and different, each company had its own, the only general data was to observe how at the end of the Second World War the dramatic situation of the German industry had created a productive vacuum in the Italian and European photographic market.
    This commercial motivation was accompanied by problems of a social and political nature since some important national industries, which during the war were engaged in the manufacture of products for war use, as a result of the peace treaties found themselves in need to proceed to a change of production to be carried out in a short time to continue to keep the workers at work and not increase the social hardship already present in the population.
    Then there were small and very small companies born from the need and passion of individuals or small groups in a historic moment in which to start a craft or open a small factory was enough to have a small room, a simple equipment and a great desire to do.

    Unfortunately, this particular moment of the Italian photographic industry was exhausted in a short time and I think it is interesting to analyze some simple data that show what the trend over time was.

    In the period 1946-1964 the cameras presented were 171 manufactured by 30 companies.
    In the period 1946-1955 the cameras presented were 121 (equal to 71% of the total); at the end of 1955, 15 companies had ceased activity in the sector (50% of the total)
    In 1964 the companies still active were only 2: Bencini and Ferrania.

    The types of cameras produced at that time were the most varied, from the simplest and cheapest to the most complex and expensive, micro-cameras, stereo cameras, Leica copies, etc .; some cameras presented interesting solutions, sometimes so original as to be unfortunately practically useless to take photographs.
    Seen through the eyes of the collector, the cameras presented at that time, for the variety of types and the small number of pieces produced, represent an "eldorado" in which to find "little treasures" able to find a place in the most diverse collections of cameras, in some cases we are faced with real rarity.

ALPHA  PHOTO - Piacenza
(Koret, Ikorette)

BONIFORTI e BALLERIO - Milano
(Perseo, Kobell, Kobell Film, Photocrome, Linear)

BOSCOLI BORLETTI - Milano
(Effebi, Fiumea)

S. S. R. DUCATI - Bologna
(Sogno, Simplex, Sport)

DURST SpA - Bolzano
(Gil, Duca, D66, Automatica)

F. A. F. -  Pordenone
(Acies)

G. G. S. - Milano
(Lucky, Luckyflex)

I. S. O. - Milano
(Lux, Bilux, Reporter, Standard, Duplex 120)

OFFICINE GAMMA - Roma
(Gamma, Perla, Stella, Alba, Atom, Atlas)

Officina GATTO (Sonne) - Pordenone
(Sonne IV, Sonne V, Sonne C, Sonne C4, Vestacrom)

OMI NISTRI - Roma
(Sunshine, Rollina?)

RECTAFLEX SpA - Roma
(Rectaflex, Rotor, Kinoflex)

ROTO - Torino
(Elvo, Simbi, Nea Fotos, Juve, Ardita, OK, Jolly, Derby, Lys)

SAN GIORGIO S.I.p.A. - Genova
(Parva, Safo, Janua)

S.I.R.I.O. -  Firenze
(Elettra I, Elettra II)

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